We have created a lookup pressure dew point chart that you can download and keep as a handy reference. The tables include conversions using the Sontag and Wexler methods.
The top row of each chart shows the dew point at normal atmospheric pressure (ATM), you can read the chart both ways by looking up your measurement point and finding the nearest Dp to allow conversion to another pressure.
For Example, as seen in the pressure/dew point conversion chart above using 60^{o}C measurement point at 5 barg atmospheric pressure, we are able to determine 45^{o}C as the dew point.
Pressure Dewpoint chart (sontag)

Dewpoint (°Cdp) 

Pressure (barg) 
100 
90 
80 
70 
60 
50 
40 
30 
20 
10 
0 
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 
100.00 
90.00 
80.00 
70.00 
60.00 
50.00 
40.00 
30.00 
20.00 
10.00 
0.00 
96.57 
86.16 
75.73 
65.28 
54.80 
44.30 
33.77 
23.22 
12.64 
2.03 
9.83 

94.49 
83.84 
73.14 
62.40 
51.63 
40.81 
29.96 
19.05 
8.11 
3.27 
15.99 

92.99 
82.15 
71.25 
60.31 
49.32 
38.27 
27.17 
16.01 
4.79 
7.39 
20.55 

91.80 
80.81 
69.77 
58.66 
47.49 
36.26 
24.96 
13.60 
2.16 
10.69 
24.21 

90.82 
79.71 
68.53 
57.29 
45.98 
34.59 
23.13 
11.59 
0.03 
13.45 
27.28 

89.98 
78.77 
67.48 
56.12 
44.68 
33.16 
21.55 
9.87 
2.17 
15.83 
29.93 

89.25 
77.94 
66.56 
55.09 
43.54 
31.90 
20.17 
8.35 
4.05 
17.93 
32.27 

88.60 
77.21 
65.74 
54.18 
42.53 
30.78 
18.95 
7.01 
5.74 
19.81 
34.37 

88.01 
76.55 
65.00 
53.35 
41.61 
29.78 
17.84 
5.79 
7.26 
21.52 
36.28 

87.48 
75.95 
64.33 
52.60 
40.78 
28.86 
16.82 
4.68 
8.66 
23.08 
38.03 

86.99 
75.40 
63.71 
51.91 
40.02 
28.01 
15.89 
3.65 
9.95 
24.53 
39.64 

86.53 
74.89 
63.13 
51.28 
39.31 
27.23 
15.03 
2.70 
11.15 
25.87 
41.15 

86.11 
74.41 
62.60 
50.68 
38.65 
26.50 
14.22 
1.82 
12.27 
27.12 
42.55 

85.72 
73.97 
62.10 
50.13 
38.03 
25.81 
13.47 
0.99 
13.32 
28.30 
43.88 

85.35 
73.55 
61.63 
49.60 
37.45 
25.17 
12.76 
0.21 
14.31 
29.42 
45.13 

85.00 
73.15 
61.19 
49.11 
36.90 
24.56 
12.09 
0.59 
15.25 
30.47 
46.31 

84.67 
72.78 
60.77 
48.64 
36.38 
23.99 
11.46 
1.39 
16.14 
31.48 
47.44 

84.35 
72.43 
60.38 
48.20 
35.89 
23.44 
10.85 
2.14 
16.99 
32.43 
48.51 

84.06 
72.09 
60.00 
47.78 
35.42 
22.92 
10.28 
2.86 
17.80 
33.34 
49.54 

83.77 
71.77 
59.64 
47.37 
34.97 
22.42 
9.73 
3.55 
18.58 
34.22 
50.52 
OVER WATER
OVER ICE
Dewpoint (°Cdp) at Δpressures (Sontag)
Sonntag’s pressure dew point conversion chart over ice and water
Download Sonntag’s Pressure dew point chart pdf
The Hyland Wexler (1983) and Sonntag (1994) water vapor pressure formulas are very similar and the overall differences in resulting pressure dewpoint are small. However, the Sonntag formula is the same as an older formula by Wexler (from 1976) but with coefficients updated to the ITS90 temperature scale.
HylandWexler (1983) and Sonntag (1994) formulas are two empirical equations used to calculate the saturation vapor pressure of water in air. Both formulas are based on data collected from laboratory experiments and are widely used in meteorology, engineering, and other related fields.
One similarity between the two formulas is that both use the temperature as the main input variable. This means that the saturation vapor pressure of water in air is a function of temperature, as stated by the ClausiusClapeyron equation. Both formulas use a polynomial expression to calculate the saturation vapor pressure as a function of temperature.
A difference between the two formulas is the range of temperatures for which they are applicable. The HylandWexler formula is only valid for temperatures ranging from 100°C to 0°C, while the Sonntag formula is valid for temperatures ranging from 80°C to +50°C. This means that the Sonntag formula is more versatile and can be used in a wider range of applications.
Another difference is the accuracy of the two formulas. The Sonntag formula is considered to be more accurate than the HylandWexler formula, especially at high temperatures. However, the HylandWexler formula is still widely used because it is simple to implement and requires less computational resources.
In conclusion, both the HylandWexler and Sonntag formulas are useful for calculating the saturation vapor pressure of water in air. The choice of which formula to use will depend on the range of temperatures involved and the accuracy required for a particular application.
Michell uses the Sonntag formula in their products while Rotronic uses the Hyland Wexler formula in its products.
Calculating PDP doesn’t have to be overly complicated using the traditional dew point charts, our humidity calculators let you calculate dew point, frost point, vapor concentration, water vapor content, relative humidity, and enthalpy in just a few clicks.
Watch the short video above on how to use our dew point and humidity calculators citing examples of calculating dew point at different pressures, at atmospheric pressure, and calculating maximum absolute humidity before saturation using ppmV / %vol.
Pressure dew point (PDP) is the temperature at which water condenses in a pressurised gas – for example in a compressed air system. If the pressure of the gas increases, the dewpoint temperature also increases.
The temperature at which the water vapor in gas then condenses is dependent on the absolute moisture content and pressure of the gas.
The graph below shows how increasing pressure affects the dewpoint at 60^{o}C. This is based on Sonntag’s formula.
In applications where water dew points is measured in order to avoid condensation such as natural gas pipelines and compressed air systems, changes in pressure can influence the dew point calculation of such systems.
It is therefore important that you know the pressure at the sampling point where the dewpoint is measured.
Learn more about pressure dew points (PDP) and how to calculate them.
Pressure dew point chart can not be used for moisture in natural gas calculation as these are based on real empirical data from IGT bulletin #8 and ISO 18453 and not the ideal gas law.
We have a dedicated calculator to help you measure moisture in natural gas.
Instruments used to measure dew point and moisture contents are different in several applications, PST offers a range of DewPoint Tranmitters, Hygrometers, Humidity and Temperature Calibration Systems, Process Moisture Analyzers, and Hydrocarbon Dew Point Analyzers.
Contact Us for advice on your application.
What is Water Dew Point and Why is it Important for Industry?
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