How to calculate pressure dew point using conversion chart over ice and water

We have created a look-up pressure dew point chart that you can download and keep as a handy reference. The tables include conversions using the Sontag and Wexler methods.

How to use the pressure dew point conversion chart

The top row of each chart shows the dew point at normal atmospheric pressure (ATM), you can read the chart both ways by looking up your measurement point and finding the nearest Dp to allow conversion to another pressure.

Calculating dew point at -60oC using a dew point chart

Calculating dew point at -60oC measuring point as pressure increases to 5 barg using a pressure dew point chart.


For Example, as seen in the pressure/dew point conversion chart above using -60oC measurement point at 5 barg atmospheric pressure, we are able to determine -45oC as the dew point.

Download our pressure dew point conversion chart over ice and water

Sontag’s Pressure Dew-Point Chart in PDF


Pressure Dewpoint chart (sontag)



Dewpoint (°Cdp)

Pressure (barg)

-100

-90

-80

-70

-60

-50

-40

-30

-20

-10

0

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

-100.00

-90.00

-80.00

-70.00

-60.00

-50.00

-40.00

-30.00

-20.00

-10.00

0.00

-96.57

-86.16

-75.73

-65.28

-54.80

-44.30

-33.77

-23.22

-12.64

-2.03

9.83

-94.49

-83.84

-73.14

-62.40

-51.63

-40.81

-29.96

-19.05

-8.11

3.27

15.99

-92.99

-82.15

-71.25

-60.31

-49.32

-38.27

-27.17

-16.01

-4.79

7.39

20.55

-91.80

-80.81

-69.77

-58.66

-47.49

-36.26

-24.96

-13.60

-2.16

10.69

24.21

-90.82

-79.71

-68.53

-57.29

-45.98

-34.59

-23.13

-11.59

0.03

13.45

27.28

-89.98

-78.77

-67.48

-56.12

-44.68

-33.16

-21.55

-9.87

2.17

15.83

29.93

-89.25

-77.94

-66.56

-55.09

-43.54

-31.90

-20.17

-8.35

4.05

17.93

32.27

-88.60

-77.21

-65.74

-54.18

-42.53

-30.78

-18.95

-7.01

5.74

19.81

34.37

-88.01

-76.55

-65.00

-53.35

-41.61

-29.78

-17.84

-5.79

7.26

21.52

36.28

-87.48

-75.95

-64.33

-52.60

-40.78

-28.86

-16.82

-4.68

8.66

23.08

38.03

-86.99

-75.40

-63.71

-51.91

-40.02

-28.01

-15.89

-3.65

9.95

24.53

39.64

-86.53

-74.89

-63.13

-51.28

-39.31

-27.23

-15.03

-2.70

11.15

25.87

41.15

-86.11

-74.41

-62.60

-50.68

-38.65

-26.50

-14.22

-1.82

12.27

27.12

42.55

-85.72

-73.97

-62.10

-50.13

-38.03

-25.81

-13.47

-0.99

13.32

28.30

43.88

-85.35

-73.55

-61.63

-49.60

-37.45

-25.17

-12.76

-0.21

14.31

29.42

45.13

-85.00

-73.15

-61.19

-49.11

-36.90

-24.56

-12.09

0.59

15.25

30.47

46.31

-84.67

-72.78

-60.77

-48.64

-36.38

-23.99

-11.46

1.39

16.14

31.48

47.44

-84.35

-72.43

-60.38

-48.20

-35.89

-23.44

-10.85

2.14

16.99

32.43

48.51

-84.06

-72.09

-60.00

-47.78

-35.42

-22.92

-10.28

2.86

17.80

33.34

49.54

-83.77

-71.77

-59.64

-47.37

-34.97

-22.42

-9.73

3.55

18.58

34.22

50.52


OVER WATER

OVER ICE

Dewpoint (°Cdp) at Δpressures (Sontag)

Sonntag’s pressure dew point conversion chart over ice and water

Download Sonntag’s Pressure dew point chart pdf


Wexler’s Pressure Dew-Point Chart in PDF


Sonntag’s pressure dew point chart over ice and water
Sonntag’s pressure dew point conversion chart over ice and water

Download Wexler’s Pressure dew point chart pdf


Hyland Wexler (1983) and Sonntag (1994) Water vapor pressure formulas

The Hyland Wexler (1983) and Sonntag (1994) water vapor pressure formulas are very similar and the overall differences in resulting pressure dewpoint are small. However, the Sonntag formula is the same as an older formula by Wexler (from 1976) but with coefficients updated to the ITS-90 temperature scale.

Hyland-Wexler (1983) and Sonntag (1994) formulas are two empirical equations used to calculate the saturation vapor pressure of water in air. Both formulas are based on data collected from laboratory experiments and are widely used in meteorology, engineering, and other related fields.

One similarity between the two formulas is that both use the temperature as the main input variable. This means that the saturation vapor pressure of water in air is a function of temperature, as stated by the Clausius-Clapeyron equation. Both formulas use a polynomial expression to calculate the saturation vapor pressure as a function of temperature.

A difference between the two formulas is the range of temperatures for which they are applicable. The Hyland-Wexler formula is only valid for temperatures ranging from -100°C to 0°C, while the Sonntag formula is valid for temperatures ranging from -80°C to +50°C. This means that the Sonntag formula is more versatile and can be used in a wider range of applications.

Another difference is the accuracy of the two formulas. The Sonntag formula is considered to be more accurate than the Hyland-Wexler formula, especially at high temperatures. However, the Hyland-Wexler formula is still widely used because it is simple to implement and requires less computational resources.

In conclusion, both the Hyland-Wexler and Sonntag formulas are useful for calculating the saturation vapor pressure of water in air. The choice of which formula to use will depend on the range of temperatures involved and the accuracy required for a particular application.

Michell uses the Sonntag formula in in their products while Rotronic uses the Hyland Wexler formula in its products.

Calculate Pressure Dew Point with Our Humidity Calculators

Calculating PDP doesn’t have to be overly complicated using the traditional dew point charts, our humidity calculators let you calculate dew point, frost point, vapor concentration, water vapor content, relative humidity, and enthalpy in just a few clicks.

Here is a video on how to use our Humidity Calculators in place of a dew point chart



Watch the short video above on how to use our dew point and humidity calculators citing examples of calculating dew point at different pressures, at atmospheric pressure, and calculating maximum absolute humidity before saturation using ppmV / %vol.

Calculating Pressure Dew-Point (FAQs)

What are the factors influencing dew point calculations?

Pressure dew point (PDP) is the temperature at which water condenses in a pressurised gas – for example in a compressed air system. If the pressure of the gas increases, the dew-point temperature also increases.

The temperature at which the water vapor in gas then condenses is dependent on the absolute moisture content and pressure of the gas.

The graph below shows how increasing pressure affects the dewpoint at -60oC. This is based on Sonntag’s formula.

Chart showing the Influence of pressure on -60°C dewpoint at ATM
Influence of pressure on -60°C dewpoint at ATM


How does calculating pressure dew point (PDP) help avoid condensation?

Natural Gas Pipeline Network Corrosion
Gas pipe line corrosion


In applications where water dew points is measured in order to avoid condensation such as natural gas pipelines and compressed air systems, changes in pressure can influence the dew point calculation of such systems.

It is therefore important that you know the pressure at the sampling point where the dew-point is measured.

Learn more about pressure dew points (PDP) and how to calculate them.

Pressure dew point chart can not be used for moisture in natural gas calculation as these are based on real empirical data from IGT bulletin #8 and ISO 18453 and not the ideal gas law. 

We have a dedicated calculator to help you measure moisture in natural gas.

What industrial instruments are used to measure dew point and moisture content?

Trace Moisture and Dew-Point Measurement Products
Trace Moisture and Dew-Point Measurement Products


Instruments used to measure dew point and moisture contents are different in several applications, PST offers a range of Dew-Point Tranmitters, Hygrometers, Humidity and Temperature Calibration Systems, Process Moisture Analyzers, and Hydrocarbon Dew Point Analyzers.

Contact Us for advice on your application.

Related Articles

What is Water Dew Point and Why is it Important for Industry?

Best Practices for Measuring Dew Point in Transmission Gas

What is the ideal way to measure Hydrocarbon dew point?




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